Knowledge about Japan
About building

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You can sometimes see ONIGAWARA and SHACHIHOKO on the roofs of Japanese buildings.
ONIGAWARA and SHACHIHOKO have the meaning of amulets for buildings and the people who use them.


When the Baekje Nation introduced Buddhism to Japan, the
Along with Buddhism, a variety of knowledge and techniques were introduced to Japan.
Among them were the roof tiles.
It was in the Asuka period (592- ).

Prior to that time, Japan had pottery techniques such as Jomon and Yayoi earthenware and Sue ware.
Therefore, in less than 100 years since the roof tiles were introduced to Japan, they have evolved on their own to make strong and beautiful roof tiles.
For a while, Japanese roof tiles were used for political buildings, aristocratic residences, and temples.
It is said that the use of roof tiles in ordinary people's dwellings began after the 17th century.

It is said that "ONIGAWARA" was born in the 13th century in the history of the roof tile.
It is said to have been created to guard the building, as ONI's terrifying face stares out from the building.

ONIGAWARA has also been used in ordinary houses.
However, since ONI's face looks like he is staring at the neighboring house, ONIGAWARA, which is not ONI's face, has been used.
Gradually, ONIGAWARA became the name of the parts of the roof tile.

Please refer to the picture below for the installation location of ONIGAWARA.

Some ONIGAWARA is not the face of ONI.

Please refer to the picture below for the installation location of SHACHIHOKO.